The 1950s witnessed the absolute most theatre that is significant designers in Latin America. In Mexico, the instructor Roberto Lago (1903-1995), co-founder associated with the Teatro Guignol which operated involving the end of this 1940s and also the 1950s that are mid created the Grupo El Nahual with Lola Cueto (1897-1978). Lago proved an excellent impact maybe not just in the nation but in addition in Venezuela. In addition to their research work with the origins of Mexican puppetry, he was one of many great dramaturges of childrenвЂ™s theater. Their magazine, Los Angeles Hoja del titiritero independiente (The Independent Puppeteer Newspaper) had been a standard and brought numerous Latin US and puppeteers that are worldwide contact. Mexico had been among the nations that distinguished itself simply by using puppetry for literary promotions where the character of Don Ferruco, produced by Gilberto Ramirez Alvarado, played an important role.
The Argentines ManГ© Bernardo (1913-1991) and Sarah Bianchi (1922-2010) had been additionally fundamental to your advertising of puppetry arts in Latin America, going to the absolute most remote areas in Argentina along with other nations. Functions developed by ManГ© Bernardo are extremely respected and sdc.com examined in universities while her pupil and buddy Sarah BianchiвЂ™s strive to the remains a reference for many puppeteers day.
The itinerant tradition is certainly caused by represented by Javier VillafaГ±e (1909-1996), who travelled the whole sub-continent along with his cart, adding to the growth of puppetry arts through their programs, seminars and workshops, specially in Uruguay, Venezuela and Chile. He additionally left a essential repertoire, and his Los Angeles Calle de los Fantasmas (the road of Ghosts) is regularly done for quite some time by a number of troupes.
Other Argentines вЂ“ Juan Enrique AcuГ±a (1915-1988), in addition to brothers HГ©ctor and Eduardo Di Mauro вЂ“ additionally played roles that are important disseminating puppetry, in specific in Venezuela and Costa Rica.
In main American nations (Honduras, Guatemala and particularly the Dominican Republic), puppet theatre catered to children and was nurtured in schools.
The scene that is contemporary
A big quantity of troupes currently in presence had been produced within the 1970s. These groups have now come together in the search for a specific aesthetic language beyond the varied techniques of manipulation after years of experimentation. In reality, throughout the 1990s puppet theater gained power across Latin America. As well as glove that is traditional, other strategies вЂ“ rod puppetry, string puppetry, shadow theater, black (light) theater, blended methods, noticeable manipulation, item theater, tabletop puppetry вЂ“ are now explored. Actors, items, puppets, dance and music intermingle in present styles in European countries and also the usa. Another strategy in vogue is вЂњlas cajas misteriosasвЂќ (mysterious containers) where in fact the spectator views a quick performance by way of a peephole. The pioneers in this domain are Mariana Frare in Rosario, Argentina, MГіnica SimГµes in Brazil, therefore the BaГєl Teatro in Monterrey, Mexico. New organizations of puppeteer-storytellers, like Las Mentirosas in Mexico and ZaguГЎn in Chile, have actually revisited and included within their work ancient traditions from Guatemala and Honduras called perras.
Puppetry can also be getting used to a larger level in neuro-scientific treatment, for the treating psychiatric problems, muscular disease or bone tissue condition, and it is especially practised in Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil and Chile (see Society and Puppets вЂ“ Social Applications of Puppetry).
In addition to festivals, an amount of museums are helping popularize neighborhood puppet traditions. In Argentina, the Museo Argentino del TГtere was made in Buenos Aires by ManГ© Bernardo and Sarah Bianchi. Meanwhile, another museum is made in Los Angeles Plata by Moneo Sanz. In Brazil, you can find the Museu do Mamulengo, the Museu Giramundo created at Belo Horizonte in 2001, plus the Museum of Popular/Folk Art, Museu Casa do Pontal, operating out of the borders of Rio de Janeiro. In Mexico, you can find the Museo Nacional del TГtere вЂ“ Huamantla, the Museo-Teatro La Casa de los TГteres de BaГєl Teatro in Monterrey, the Museo Rafael Coronel at Zacatecas, as well as the Museo del TГtere de QuerГ©taro (Puppet Museum for the State of QuerГ©taro). In Uruguay, the Museo Vivo del TГtere (residing Museum of Puppetry) are available in Maldonado. La DignificaciГіn del Teatro de MuГ±ecos (FAMADIT) in Chile, there is the travelling exhibits of the FundaciГіn para. Venezuela has got the personal TГteres Artesanales del Mundo (Puppet Craft World) owned by Norma R. Bracho. Forum and internet internet web sites are increasingly being specialized in puppetry, particularly in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico.
The art of puppetry in Latin America is alive and well with no hint of disappearing anytime soon in whatever form.